Gibertini G, Malagoli M, Rossi A, Giliberti G, Baudi P, Savioli A, Cortesi N.Chir Ital. 1989 Feb;41(1):3-9.
The Authors report on their experience with 36 cases of traumatic lesions of the diaphragm. Such lesions should be suspected in all cases of thoraco-abdominal trauma. The possibility of a preoperative diagnosis depends entirely on thorough chest x-rays and administration of contrast medium via a nasogastric tube. In emergency surgery, lesions of the diaphragm are treated by the laparotomy route, which allows complete exploration of the abdominal cavity. The morbidity and mortality of such lesions depend on the associated lesions, on prompt diagnosis and surgery and on appropriate postoperative treatment.